Next Big Thing: Integrating IoT with Physical Security
Advances in Internet of Things (IoT) technology impact the physical security and safety industry daily. Physical security includes visitor management systems, access management controls, video surveillance systems, physical barriers, and other measures put in place to protect people, facilities, and resources from harm, damage, and theft. Utilizing IoT technology in physical security through connected sensors, devices, and automated alert systems increase the efficiency of physical security schemes immensely.
While physical security systems have been evolving for years, the application of IoT technology in the years to come will significantly increase their effectiveness. Below are five examples of how IoT and smart technology enhance physical security:
- Perimeter Protection
Perimeter security for buildings involves the use of lighting, RFID badges, radio wave technology, and other measures while providing authorized access. Integrated IoT technology can automatically notify security staff of system breaches and approaching threats in real-time.
- Intelligent Video Monitoring
Video surveillance is an effective physical security tool for capturing evidence of crimes on video, but it’s not without its shortcomings. Security personnel must sift through hours and hours of video to find relevant footage. In cases where 10 or more separate cameras may contain pertinent clips, the process is more labor-intensive. With the integration of IoT-driven motion detection, audio detection, and alert systems, investigations are streamlined. Video feeds that only capture activity make incident detection faster and easier. Operation costs are reduced, storage demands decrease, and pertinent video retrieval is simplified.
- Security System Tampering Alerts
IoT applications in smart cameras equipped with sensors or software increase the system’s ability to detect tampering or interference, greatly increasing its effectiveness. Tampering alerts are ideal for areas that are hidden or experience repeated vandalism. When cameras are equipped to raise tampering alerts, the chance of missing suspicious activity is diminished. An IoT-integrated alert system utilizing sensors or intelligent video fortifies a building’s physical security scheme.
- Facial Recognition Technology
Among the most innovative evolutions in video surveillance is facial recognition, which is able to not only identify individuals, it can detect signs of possible threats by measuring key identifiers such as an elevated heart rate or nervous facial expressions. Facial recognition software is used in high-traffic places such as casinos, sporting events, and airports. IoT-enhanced facial recognition techniques generate automated alerts to potential events and suspicious characters, so threats are more readily identified and addressed.
- Automobile Tracking
Intelligent programs such as license plate recognition (LPR) software can utilize automation and IoT technology to increase the effectiveness of physical security. For instance, law enforcement can integrate license plate databases with automated LPR programs to identify drivers and locate offenders more efficiently. A similar system could also be used to authorize entry at secure entrance gates or smart parking garages, and monitor and track traffic entering and exiting.
Advanced IoT and security technologies will undoubtedly integrate moving forward, as demand for the ability to achieve and maintain infallible physical security becomes a more pressing priority for enterprises worldwide.